When plaque spreads below the gum line, it causes the gum tissue to separate from the teeth and form what is known as periodontal pockets. These pockets of tissue can harbor damaging bacteria that cause periodontal disease and infection, leading to loss of bone and tissue. Extensive bone loss can result in the loss of one or multiple teeth.
To treat periodontal disease and destroy bacteria, Dr. Ferrin can perform a procedure often referred to as pocket depth reduction or osseous surgery. During this procedure, he will create a flap within the gum tissue and then temporarily fold it back to expose the tooth root and bone. At this time, Dr. Ferrin can smooth any areas of damaged bone to limit any surfaces upon which bacteria can grow. This procedure minimizes the depth of periodontal pockets and eliminates bacteria to mitigate the effects of periodontal disease and limit its progression.